Minggu, 17 Juli 2011


The last few weeks, on television, we often encounter ad one telecom company in this country, that is advertising on the internet go to school socialization program, school or at a time when seeing kedesa-rural background of the ad. The purpose of the advertisements were extremely positive. The author notes there are two important things to be the goal of the ad, first, want to socialize there are Internet programs that have to go to school-the school, including the existing schools in the countryside, and, second, is the most important goal and the main, by the existence of internet facilities in schools , is expected to not only be a means of access to information all over the world, but also as a medium of learning and add insights and the development of science for students, as well as to eliminate the impression gaptek (stuttering technology) community. For the latter purpose, in fact we are already far behind the western countries, such as the United States. In the era of President Bill Clinton, his administration rewarded the internet connection to 2000s high school in California. This policy is intended to allow residents of the United States during those years has had at least electronic mail facilities. At this time the United States has sought to free its citizens from blindness to the internet, but Indonesia up to now still on the policy of eradication of illiteracy and a new start on the introduction of the internet. But not too late, because the shame is not ignorance, but an unwillingness to learn. 

Have Socialization?
The existence of the Internet for school-school programs are very good, but the question is, whether before the internet goes to school-school had no socialization of teachers and students how to use, benefits and negative impacts and how to avoid it? whether the Internet has been accompanied by an adequate filter device? whether the existing system of supervision on the use of the internet? whether there was a special staff that has expertise in information technology which will manage the Internet lab and guiding the students? If these questions the answer is not, then the Internet for school-school program this result will not be maximal, could even lead to new social problems. One is the Internet as a medium for students to consume pornography. Although not always diinternet school, but he knew from the beginning of the school internet, then going outside to look, for example, which of course is free internet cafe or at home alone where parental supervision is very weak. Research results and Fruit We Heart Foundation during 2005 to 1705 4-6 grade elementary school children in 134 elementary schools in Greater Jakarta, it is known that the media used in identifying children's pornography, 20% are from internet sites. While based on Femina Magazine survey in Jakarta, Depok, Tangerang and Bogor to the 1821 respondents, with 50% more respondents have children under the age of 10 years, it is known that 80% of parents who keep a computer in a child's room or did not yet install software that filterscharged pornography sites on the Internet.

Easily Access to Pornography & Child negative effect

The lack of socialization of how to use, how to avoid negative impacts and the lack of filter devices, resulting in internet pornography (cyberporn) more easily found by students of the school.

Here are some factors that cause children to access pornography, both school and home through the Internet itself, namely: first, lack of supervision, education and training of teachers / parents to their students / children about how a healthy Internet usage, the benefits of the internet and the impact negative as well as how to avoid it, secondly, the attitude of the closure of the teachers / parents to the students / children about sex education, the consequences are so great curiosity sought answers outside of school / home, like in the cafe; third, teachers / parents who stutter technology (clueless), thus meeting the needs of the Internet at school or for children in the house / room, but the teacher / parents themselves do not master it, not even knowing the negative impact of the Internet; fourth, the lack of protection efforts by teachers / parents who have internet at school / in home or in the nursery, which is not complete with software to block porn sites; fifth, the orientation of the financial benefits the owners of cafes, so that anyone can hire the internet, including children or adolescents, even in school hours. Besides indoor spaces available diwarnet makes children feel comfortable and safe to open porn sites; sixth, cheapening the cost to be able to consume even have photographs or video porn by downloading it from a porn site and save them on floppy disks, CD or flasdisc; and seventh, an attitude of openness of society, including parents who little by little not consider taboo things that are pornographic. As a result of social control to be reduced to pornography.

In addition, the large number of pornographic sites that daily grows and the site search engines such as Google diinternet, increasingly easier to access cyberporn.

American Demographics Magazine in its report stated that the number of pornographic websites has increased from 22,100 in 1997 to 280,300 in 2000 soared 10 times or more within three years. When averaged, means that every day up 200's more new porn site and you can imagine how much this time. While Nathan Tabor, in his article entitled Adultary is Killing the American Family said that statistics show that 25% of all internet search engine asked to be connected with pornography.

The more often students / children consume pornographic material, of course dakan negative impact on mental development and keperibadiannya. According to Ike R Sugianto, a psychologist, says that the psychological effects of child pornography from the Internet is triggering the development of their sexual disorders. Child pornography who knew early on will tend to become antisocial, unfaithful, domestic violence, insensitive, trigger sexual disorders, and addictive access the Internet, especially on gaming sites and porn.

Weaknesses Law

Pornography ban has actually been arranged in our positive law, such as the Criminal Code, Law No. 8 / 1992 on Film, Law No. 36/1999 on Telecommunications, Law No. 40/1999 on the Press and Law No. 32/2002 on Broadcasting. But at the application stage, some of this Act can not work with the maximum because it contains several weaknesses and shortcomings in its substance, namely the formulation of violating decency abstract / multiple interpretations, which are territorial jurisdiction and the formulation of some of the terms and understanding that does not include pornography diinternet activity, system formulation of criminal sanctions are not appropriate and the number of criminal sanctions are relatively small fines, the formulation system of corporate criminal liability / legal entities which are vague and not detailed, and the lack of harmonization of crime and crime policy formulation, both at the national, regional and international . The existence of these weaknesses indicate the need for the amendment even legal reform, so the law can reach out to criminals in cyberspace. 
Efforts to incorporate Internet for school-school program, even throughout the community that there dipelosok and crannies of this country is a very good and needs improvement.But the increase is certainly not limited to quantity alone, as many as possible to give internet access, but also must be accompanied by an increase in the quality of the students / community that will become a user or users of the internet. So the internet can be a healthy media technology to obtain information, broaden and develop the science, rather than a media that will cause new social problems that negatively impact area for children and require no little time, effort, thought and the cost to fix it future. *** 

Sabtu, 18 Juni 2011



Pencitraan dalam Puisi
Pencitraan dalam Puisi
Oleh : SRI BUDI S.
Ketika membaca puisi, kita sering merasakan seolah-olah ikut hanyut dalam suasana yang diciptakan oleh penyair di dalam puisinya. Ketika penyair mengungkapkan peristiwa yang menyedihkan, kita ikut larut dalam suasana kesedihan. Demikian pula jika penyair mengungkapkan perasaan dendam, kecewa, marah, benci, cinta, bahagia, dan sebagainya.

Ketika penyair mengungkapkan adanya bunyi gemuruh letusan gunung berapi, kita seolah-olah mendengarkan bunyi itu. Ketika penyair menyebutkan benda yang amat mungil, seolah-olah kita melihat benda kecil itu. Ketika penyair menceritakan adanya makanan yang pedas, kita seolah-olah ikut merasakan pedasnya makanan itu. Demikian pula ketika penyair mengungkap hal yang amat panas, gatal, atau yang lainnya. Unsur puisi yang menyebabkan kita ikut merasakan seperti itu disebut citraan.

Citraan adalah gambaran angan yang muncul dibenak pembaca puisi. Setiap gambar dalam pikiran disebut citra atau imaji (image). Wujud gambaran dalam angan itu adalah “sesuatu” yang dapat dilihat, dicium, diraba, dikecap, dan didengar. Akan tetapi, “sesuatu” yang dapat dilihat, diraba, dicium, dikecap, dan didengarkan itu tidak benar-benar ada, hanya dalam angan-angan pembaca atau pendengar. Penyair kondang Chairil Anwar tampak nyata berusaha memunculkan citraan dalam puisinya yang berjudul Sajak Putih di bawah ini.


Bersandar pada tari warna pelangi
Kau depanku bertudung sutra senja
Di hitam matamu kembang mawar dan melati
Harum rambutmu mengalun bergelut senda.

Sepi menyanyi, malam dalam mendoa tiba
meriak muka air kolam jiwa
Dan dalam dadaku memerdu lagu
Menarik menari seluruh aku

Hidup dari hidupku, pintu terbuka
Selama matamu bagiku menengadah

Selama kau darah mengalir dari luka
Antara kita Mati datang tidak membelah….

Dalam bait pertama kita jumpai kata-kata tari warna pelangi / bertudung sutera senja / Di hitam matamu kembang mawar dan melati. Dengan menggunakan kata-kata tersebut penyair membawa kita seolah-olah berhadapan langsung dan melihat langsung benda-benda tersebut. Angan kita dibawa untuk melihat apa yang dikemukakan oleh penyair. Di hadapan kita seolah terpapar tari warna pelangi, suatu keindahan yang dilengkapi dengan tudung suteranya, yang dapat kita lihat dan rasakan dengan jelas. Demikian pula semerbak harum kembang mawar dan melati yang digambarkan dengan di kelopak matamu. Gambaran angan yang ditimbulkan melalui indera penglihatan seperti tari warna pelangi, dan indera penciuman yang ditandai dengan hadirnya kembang mawar dan melati seperti itu dikenal dengan istilah citra penglihatan dan citra penciuman.

Pada bait kedua kita jumpai kata-kata: sepi menyanyi, meriak muka air, memerdu lagu. Dengan menggunakan kata-kata tersebut penyair membawa angan kita untuk mendengarkan nyanyian sepi, juga merasakan jiwa yang tiba-tiba bergerak meriak, yang diikuti dengan alunan lagu merdu. Gambar angan yang ditimbulkan oleh kata-kata tersebut berkenaan dengan indera pendengaran. Oleh karena itu, gambaran angan tersebut disebut dengan istilah citra pendengaran.
Banyak cara yang digunakan oleh penyair dalam membangkitkan daya bayang pembaca puisinya. Ada yang mencoba melaui gerbang mata untuk menghasilkan citra penglihatan, ada yang melalui gerbang telinga untuk menghasilkan citra pendengaran, atau gerbang-gerbang indera yang lain. Berkaitan dengan itu, jenis citra yang ditimbulkannya juga bermacam-macam. Beberapa jenis citra yang sering terdapat dalam puisi antara lain: (1) citra penglihatan, (2) citra pendengaran, (3) citra penciuman, (4) citra perabaan, (5) citra pengecapan, (6) citra gerakan, dan citra suhu (panas/dingin).

Mengapa penyair berusaha menghadirkan citra dalam puisinya? Penyair adalah sastrawan. Cara sastrawan mengungkapkan gagasan berbeda dengan bukan sastrawan. Seseorang yang bukan sastrawan mengemukakan gagasan dengan bahasa yang lugas dan jelas agar gagasannya itu mudah dipahami pembaca. Seorang sastrawan selain mengungkapkan gagasan juga mengungkapkan perasaan. Sastrawan berharap agar pembaca dapat merasakan apa yang dirasakannya. Untuk keperluan itu, sastrawan sering menggunakan bahasa yang tak lazim. Salah satu upaya tak lazim itu adalah pencitraan dalam puisi.

Jumat, 17 Juni 2011

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Senin, 23 Mei 2011


Anda pasti sudah tahu apa itu blog. Mungkin anda malah sudah punya blog sendiri. Tapi, apa anda sudah tahu kalau blog anda itu bisa menghasilkan uang? Kalau belum, bagaimana cara mendapat uang dari blog?
Ok, saya jelaskan perlahan dan bertahap. Begini…sebagai orang yang berminat dengan bisnis internet, kita mesti tahu apa saja yang bisa jadi ladang uang. Karena ini penting buat perkembangan bisnis. Dan blog termasuk yang berpotensi untuk menambah penghasilan affiliate program yang kita jalankan.
Sebelum melangkah lebih mendalam, mari kita mulai dari jenis-jenis blog. Blog yang banyak digunakan orang saat ini bisa dibagi dalam lima model:
  1. Blog Affiliate. Dalam blog affiliate, biasanya para affiliate marketer menambahkan link affiliate yang mereka miliki.
  2. Web publisher blog. Blog model ini kurang lebih sama seperti media cetak. Ada content berupa artikel dan gambar, juga ada iklan. Jika anda ingin membuat model blog semacam ini, sebaiknya perhatikan isi (content) anda. Baik artikel yang anda tulis maupun gambar yang anda tampilkan. Tujuannya? Ya apalagi kalau bukan supaya banyak pengunjung yang mengunjungi blog anda. Harapannya, agar banyak yang tertarik pasang iklan di blog anda.
  3. Sales blog.Blog ini sama seperti toko online. Biasanya, para pengusaha offline juga menjual produk mereka di internet. Barang-barang yang dipajang pun kadang sama seperti barang yang mereka jual secara offline.
  4. Service blog. Jika sales blog menjual produk, service blog tentu menjual jasa. Jika anda punya keahlian tertentu, anda bisa promosikan jasa anda di sini. Keuntungan menggunakan blog, selain anda bisa tampil beda dari layanan jasa yang pernah ada, juga memperluas jangkauan pemasaran anda.
  5. Blog network.Blog network atau jaringan blog adalah blog jenis web publisher yang bergabung jadi satu. Jadi isi blog network ini bisa terdiri dari puluhan atau bahkan ratusan blog. Tujuan dari blog network biasanya untuk meluaskan jaringan online anda. Supaya anda bisa punya banyak link ke blog-blog lain.
Oya, anda juga bisa menggabungkan jenis-jenis blog di atas untuk meluaskan pemasaran produk atau penjualan anda. Nah, ide paling cerdas yang bisa anda wujudkan adalah membuat blog yang menggabungkan antara jenis blog affiliate dengan jenis blog yang lain. Mungkin bisa anda gabungkan antara blog affiliate, sales blog dan web publisher jadi satu. Selain dapat uang dari penjualan produk affiliate, anda juga bisa dapat uang dari iklan!
Menarik bukan? Tapi… ingat, isi yang anda tampilkan di blog harus sesuai. Kalau produk-produk yang anda tampilkan tidak sesuai dengan isi web publisher dan produk affiliate anda, ini bisa gawat! Pengunjung bisa langsung memvonis blog anda norak. Alias isinya tidak sesuai dan campur aduk.
Jadi, anda mesti pintar-pintar memadukan dan menyesuaikan isi blog. Setuju? Silakan berkreasi dan buat blog anda sebagai ladang uang!

Minggu, 22 Mei 2011

English Bulldog Puppies Excellent Quality

$200.00 US

English Bulldog Puppies Excellent Quality

pets > dogs, puppies for sale
AKC Registered Beautiful English Bulldog Puppy.Parents and puppies are Up to Date on Vaccinations and puppies on regular de-worming.They live in our home free of fleas Parasites.Each Puppy has a Health Record which will show each visit to the vet I use.I will not breed more than one litter at a time so all puppies get the attentive care needed.